The Spanish of Argentina: the Castilian of the Rio de la Plata


First, I would like to clarify a common error: "Spanish" Y "Spanish" they are two words for the same thing, and both words mean Spanish. If someone asks you, "Do you speak Spanish?" They want to know if you speak Spanish, not if you speak "Argentine". I only point out this because many students, when they first arrive in Argentina, will think that Castilian is a word that refers to the Argentine variety of Spanish, but in reality it simply means Spanish.

Image result for spanish and spanish

So, Why are there two words for Spanish: "Spanish" and "Spanish" and why is it more common to hear the latter when people speak in Spanish?

It has to do with the modern politics of Spain, and in particular, the relationship of the cultures and minority languages ​​of Spain with the dominant language and culture (Castilian). It is more correct from the political point of view to say "Castilian" instead of "Spanish", because in saying the latter, in effect, it is belittling the other regional languages ​​of Spain (such as Basque and Catalan) that are actually also Spanish languages ​​in the sense of being languages ​​that are spoken in Spain. Castellano was, in itself, once only a regional language of Spain, and although it is now the dominant language, calling it "Castilian" instead of "Spanish" is, it is believed, more respectful of minority cultures, since it puts all the languages ​​of the Iberian Peninsula on a more or less linguistic basis. (Despite this, Spanish, on the other hand, remains the preferred word in foreign circles when the language is referred to as a second language, which leads to confusion).

However, that is neither here nor there, because the Spanish spoken in Latin America It's all Castilian or Spanish.

The variety of Spanish Castilian spoken in the Argentina's capital, on the other hand, is known as the Castilian of the River of the Silver, named for the river that divides the region and separates Argentina from Uruguay to the north.

Argentines will be the first to admit, proud because they are very proud people, that their way of speaking Spanish is unique. The Spanish spoken in Buenos Aires is marked by strong immigrant influences, particularly that of Italians. In addition, this Spanish has retained certain features of past times, especially the use of the pronoun "vos" (which, with its echoes of the seventeenth century, sometimes seems fun for other Spanish speakers, something similar to what it would sound to hear.) English today in day spoken with a Shakespeare "thee"). Finally, the Spanish of Río de la Plata is highly inventive and is known for its use of local jargon, known as "lunfardo".

These are some of the main features of Argentine Spanish, with examples (you can omit this part if you still do not speak some Spanish):

Silver river The pronoun "vos". The pronoun "vos", despite being ubiquitous and a bit jarring at first, is really easy to use and get used to. The "vos" simply replaces the informal pronoun you (tú). Verbs are conjugated by eliminating the last letter "r" of the infinitive, replacing it with an "s" and adding an accent to the final syllable of the verb. The conjugation is, therefore, significantly more regular than with the pronoun "you", which is made with irregular shapes. Some examples of the use of "vos" include: "Vos vivís en Argentina" (You live in Argentina). "You speak Castlian". (You speak Spanish). The only irregular verb used with "vos" is the verb "to be". This is conjugated with "sos" (instead of "eres" of the form tú). Example: "You're from Argentina." (You are from Argentina). In the other times (past, future, conditional and subjunctive, "vos" is conjugated in exactly the same way as "tú").

two) The letters ll and y in Argentine Spanish are pronounced with a soft sound. Example: "My name is" sounds like "sho me shamo"; or "street" is pronounced like "cashe".

3) Slang. These may include words sometimes untranslatable as "alive", a word used to denote a person who can get away with it; a swindler A related term is "fan": be wise with things; gain experience; Learn not to be taken advantage of. Another popular expression, with origins in lunfardo, is "che", which is roughly equivalent to English "hey". Certain Argentines use the word "che" all the time, especially when they are angry. As in "Che, what are you doing? Che, where are you going? Che, come back here! "

4) Other words Mainly related to food. Examples: Peach: known in many Spanish-speaking countries as peach; in Argentina (and Mexico), peach. Strawberry: known in other Spanish-speaking countries as strawberry; in Argentina, strawberry.

The point, if you are trying to learn the language, is not to feel overwhelmed. The similarities between Argentine Spanish and other varieties to which I might have had more prior exposure are actually much greater than the differences, which are mostly quite minor. Take a few days at the beginning of your stay to get used to the new accent and to hear the word "vos", and in a short time you will have a great time expanding your knowledge of "lunfardo" and benefiting from those things, related or not with the language, that make a stay in Argentina truly unique.

A final note: It is not necessary to learn to speak Spanish exactly as an Argentine does. If you have already learned to speak Spanish using the "you" form, do not worry, Argentines will be able to understand it (although it is very likely that they will respond with "vos"). Many of the students of our language school choose to focus on learning the "you" form of most verbs, since on future trips, or upon returning to their countries of origin, they should be familiar with this form of use of the Spanish. The important thing is that you are exposed to how the language is used, both in Argentina and in other countries, so that you can react and respond to the language, however, and wherever it is spoken.

LABELS: Argentina, Spanish, Spanish, Why are the terms "Spanish" and "Spanish" used? Principal Features of Argentine Spanish


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